Soil pollution is caused due to various household wastes and chemical fertilizers used in farming, besides chemicals and wastes generated in the industries. About 40 percent of deaths worldwide are caused by water, air and soil pollution, concludes a Cornell researcher. Pollution which is caused due to contamination in soil because of numerous unnecessary chemical and biological properties of the soil which is created by human himself. Deforestation causes a change in the rain cycle and this is a contributing factor to global warming and loss of ecosystems. The soil is an important habitat and is the house of different types of microorganisms, animals, reptiles, mammals, birds, and insects. Other than the practice of agriculture and mining, dumping of industrial and domestic wa… Thus, soil pollution can negatively impact the lives of living organisms and can … Plastic waste and chemicals contaminate our waters. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Soil pollution (also called soil contamination) can be defined as the occurrence of toxic chemicals in the soil. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. When it comes to soil pollution, the list of contaminants includes Chlorinated Hydrocarbons (CFH), chromium, cadmium, lead, zinc, etc. It’ll require altering its properties which can be avoided if only we put our land into its proper and responsible use. Such environmental degradation, coupled with the growth in world population, are major causes behind the rapid increase in human diseases, which the World Health Organization has recently reported. Every soil type contains different elements and components, and some natural contaminants as well. Industrialization: More and more, population growth requires the production of more goods, resulting in more industrial waste. All the soils whether unpolluted or polluted contains some amount of contaminants naturally. Some of this waste can literally take thousands of years to decompose! Most of these wastes contain residues of toxic inorganic and organic chemicals, which are extremely harmful. Where possible, opt to use biodegradable products such as cartons for packaging; if they were to be disposed of, they would easily be broken down to become part of the soil. Carbon Dioxide emissions increase air pollution. The same goes for the other industrialized nations which are the worst hit. Soil pollution occurs due to untreated disposal of industrial wastes into soil; it has high toxic contaminants, which leads to soil pollution. We need soil for basic survival - food and energy. Human-caused soil pollution can work in conjunction with natural processes to increase the toxic contamination levels in the soil. Related video about 5 Diseases caused by Soil Pollution. World Soil Day is annually held on December 5 to highlight soil's importance on Earth. We have seen almost every human activity lead to some sort of pollution in one way or another. The same concept applies to farming practices in that they should be carried out in moderation. Soil pollutants, such as mercury and cyclodienes, also increase the possibility of irreversible damage to the kidneys. Human activities like this have led to acidification of soil and contagion due to the disposal of industrial waste, heavy metals, toxic chemicals, dumping oil … Cyclodienes and PCBs also cause hepatic intoxication. CAUSES AND TYPES OF SOIL POLLUTION Phenomena such as erosion, loss of organic carbon, increased salt content, compacting, acidification and chemical pollution are the major causes of current soil degradation. Some areas of Belgium and France have been so thoroughly destroyed, nothing grows there to this day, and there is this thing called Zone Rouge, where all human activity is forbidden. Required fields are marked *. Construction work often releases harmful chemicals into the environment and is one of the leading causes of soil pollution in urban areas. Soil pollution often is caused by an excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. The Nitrogen Problem: Why Global Warming Is Making It Worse - Yale E360 From the photos of areas like Ypres, Somme or Verdun, the farmers now growing food in the areas around where the worst of trench warfare occurred continue with intensive till farming. It decreases the production of red, white blood cells and antibodies, thus compromising the immunity of the body. In addition to endangering human health, soil pollution can also cause economic damage 2. Clearing of trees leaves soil exposed to the elements so they are easily carried away by soil erosion. Why is My Diarrhea Green? Pesticides are the most common cause of soil pollution. Soil pollution is the addition of toxic and harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and radioactive elements to the soil layer. House Cows, Golden Eggs, and the True Cost of Cheap Supermarket Food – Part 1 – Updated, Ancient Gardening Techniques from South America, Dominant Healthcare vs Marginalised Alternatives, Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill – Same Shit, Different Day, Report on Permaculture Training in Dembe Dollo, Western Ethiopia (Part 3), Start Growing! Pollution refers to the level of contaminants that exceeds the natural concentration of these substances. it’s Dangerous? Foundry and manufacturing activities are perceived to be the prevalent causal … Soil is one of the main components of human survival – protect it By definition, any substance in the soil that exceeds naturally-occurring levels and poses human health risks is a soil contaminant. Land pollution, also known as soil pollution, is actually the process wherein soil is contaminated due to the introduction of some harmful chemical substances in it. ~ Industrial wastes such as harmful gases and chemicals, agricultural pesticides, fertilizers and insecticides are the most common causes of soil pollution. Industrial wastes, pollution due to agriculture and urban wastes are also among the other causes of soil pollution. Damaging the upper layer of soil through the use of fertilizer and pesticides in agriculture, the contaminated land can lose its fertility and may no longer be used for agricultural purposes in the long run. We have one earth and if we completely destroy its surface, we will be the first to starve or poison ourselves. When these contaminants exceed the natural level, it starts polluting. ~ Improper septic system and management and maintenance of the same. It results in harmful pesticides and insecticides, that brings about the decay in soil quality and results in making it contaminated. To this day, the unexploded (live) ordnance still pollutes and even kills 100 years later. Highly recommended pesticides are organic which are developed in laboratories. Soil is the prime and valuable property obtained through nature. Most countries have policies that require its citizens to plant more trees where one has been cut. Items that can be used again should not be disposed of; things made of paper, glass, aluminum and the like should be recycled; lastly, where excesses such as the use of polythene paper can be avoided, then, by all means, reduce their use. Pollution changes the composition of the soil and creates a pathogenic environment, leading to the spread of disease. This will in turn cause soil erosion. Get the latest permaculture news stories straight in your inbox, The Advanced Permaculture Student Teacher's Guide, The Permaculture Student 2: A Collection of Regenerative Solutions (eBook), Toxic Soil and Public Health | The University of Arizona, Some Ideas for Low-Cost Festive Celebrations for Times of Uncertainty, People power: everyday Australians are building their own renewables projects, and you can too, The students behind the Permaculture Garden, Fukuoka, Natural Farming, and the Developing World, House Cows, Golden Eggs, and the True Cost of Cheap Supermarket Food – Part 3 – Updated. If yes, how can the local farmers be convinced about changing farming practices? Pesticides, benzene, chromium, and herbicides are carcinogenic products that can lead to the development of cancer. Contaminated water or untreated sewage may mix with the soil in areas where it rains very often, as in the tropics. They contain hazardous chemicals which are absorbed by the soil and deliberately bring down the soil quality. When the soil gets contaminated it affects all the ecological plants and animals negatively. Soil pollution is strongly linked to water pollution, because when the soil is contaminated, pollutants pass into the surface and underground water, leading to contamination of drinking water and an outbreak of diseases transmitted through it, such as cholera and dysentery. The situation is worse for poor people who are forced by living circumstances to live near dumping places, industries, and landfills, where they are exposed to soil pollution on a daily basis. Practices such as overcropping and overgrazing should be avoided since they increase soil erosion. Prolonged exposure to benzene is responsible for irregular menstrual cycles, leukemia, and anemia, and can be fatal if there are high levels of this substance. Deforestation carried out to create drylands is one of the major concerns.Land that is once converted into dry or barren land can never be made fertile again, whatever the magnitude of measures to redeem it is. There are many other types of pollution including chemical pollution into bodies of water and soil through improper disposal practices and agricultural activities, and noise and light pollution created by cities and urbanization as a result of population growth. One of the major causes of soil pollution is soil erosion that is caused due to deforestation. Diseases caused by Soil Pollution – Soil pollution is characterized by the continuous accumulation of toxic products, salts, radioactive materials, chemicals or disease-causing agents, which are harmful to humans and the environment. Former includes volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis etc. But if a person sprays certain pesticides on their yard, that could cause soil contamination. People develop kidney disease when exposed to soil that has been contaminated with lead. The causes of pollution are not just limited to fossil fuels and carbons emissions. Lead is also very dangerous but occurs naturally in some soils. Children can be exposed to the harmful effects of soil pollution in places … Thank you for your attention, Your email address will not be published. For example, in some parts of China, soil that is polluted with heavy metals is nevertheless used to grow grain. Too much of anything is dangerous. These substances decrease soil fertility by reducing its mineral content. As a quick example, arsenic naturally occurs in some soils. This leaves land barren and incapable of supporting vegetation. Brain and nerve damage. Some common causes of soil pollution are listed below, Improper disposal of industrial waste: industries are believed to be one of the leading causes of soil pollution due to improper management and disposal of the toxic wastes generated during industrial activities. As the water runoff further depletes the soil, more ammunition (both spent and live) is uncovered, along with human remains. Moreover, the presence of excess chemicals will increase the alkalinity or acidity of soil thus degrading the soil quality. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. The types, causes, effects and also solutions to the soil pollution … Soil pollution often is caused by excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. The soil of Earth is no different. ; Deforestation and soil erosion: Forests are home to more than 80% of terrestrial biodiversity and are a refuge for many animal and plant species.In this sense, deforestation is a catastrophe both for man and for other living beings. Let’s have a look at these activities in detail to see how exactly pollution of land resources happens when they take place. Soil Pollution is defined as the presence of pollutants, contaminants, and toxic chemicals in the soil in high concentrations. Main Causes of Soil Pollution Industrial Activity – The wrong method of chemical waste disposal from diverse types of industries can cause pollution of soil. Part 1: How to Buy a Farm Debt Free. These are no go zones. This is an effective measure to curb soil erosion. Soil Testing: Why Is It So Vital For The Natural Environment? This is a perfectly environmental friendly approach since it allows nature to take its course thus restoring balance. Garbage that cannot be recycled is disposed of carelessly and this is not only an eyesore but pollutes the land. Deforestation and Soil Erosion. ~ Unfavorable and harmful irrigation practices. It results mainly from human activities, including the application of pesticides such as atrazine, a very common herbicide, and the generation of undesirable industrial waste, such as arsenic. How would you tackle contamination caused by war? They end up with immune deficiencies, kidney and liver problems, neurological damage and lung problems. The developing countries are also steadily but surely moving toward this direction.This should be cause for great concern considering the devastating effects soil pollution brings to the environment. Soil Pollution: Definition, Causes, Pesticides, After-Effects, Videos, Q&A. 1. And some mix in soil through atmosphere and wind activity. Reduce the use of pesticides and fertilisers. Anthropogenic (man-made) soil pollution originates in several types of processes, some deliberate (industrial) and some accidental. Soil contamination refers to the destruction of land that could be used constructively by human activities, either directly or indirectly. Moreover, the FAO distinguishes between two types of soil pollution: Causes, Effects and Solutions of Agricultural Pollution on Our Environment - Conserve Energy Future. Major issues about … Your email address will not be published. Soil pollution is mostly caused by mindless human activities such as: Industries are by far the worst polluters of the soil with all the chemicals they release into the environment be it in liquid or solid form. It is natural that with the ever-growing population, the humankind needs more and more space to expand their civilization. The contamination of the soil is also enhanced due to improper industrial waste disposal, trash of the households and medical waste. Soil pollution. This is the introduction of microorganisms into the soil that break down contaminants. 8 Ways to Lose Weight without Suffering (Kids). Excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides. Industrial Activities. It is linked with the United Nations' (UN) Year of Soil. ~ Ignorance towards soil management and related systems. Chemicals used on soils reduce soil fertility so food production drops. With the rapid growth of human population, we need all the food we can get. Can Permaculture help achieve that goal? Some of them are metals, inorganic ions, salts, compounds formed by soil microbial activity, and decomposition of organisms. The protozoan that causes malaria and the mosquitoes that are its hosts thrive under these conditions; resulting in increased dissemination of both, leading to frequent outbreaks of malaria. Presently, 300,000 ha of UK land is thought to be contaminated by toxic elements such as lead and arsenic. Soil pollution is caused by both natural and anthropogenic activities. They also adversely affect plant and animal growth. Pesticides and fertilisers are major contributors to soil contamination so cutting down on their usage could do a world of good to the soil. Significance of Soil. The natural sources of soil pollution include volcanic eruptions, landslides and rainfall, whereas human causes include use industrial waste, urban garbage, excessive mining and reckless use of chemicals and insecticides in agriculture.. Benzene is a chemical, liquid, found in crude oil, gasoline and cigarette smoke. There are many other leading reasons causes of soil pollution too. So, how would you help solve this problem and make a rather large area in the heart of Europe a viable place to grow food and live in once again? Some of main causes of soil pollution include deforestation and consequent erosion, agriculture, industry, mining, landfills and illegal dumping of waste as well as urbanization and construction. Redeeming land to its original state is nearly an impossible task. There are mainly 2 causes of pollution. Soil pollution can cause an imbalance of the ecosystem of the soil. Dust generated at sites covers the soil or pollutes the air, and the demolition of old buildings often leads to the release of toxic chemicals like asbestos that can poison the soil. Presently, 300,000 ha of UK land is thought to be contaminated by toxic elements such as lead and arsenic. It leads to many consequences for our Earth and without … The farmers are tilling a live mine field…. The same goes for the other industrialized nations which are the worst hit. I am referring to the contamination caused by WWI and WWII ammunition. Among the various human activities which contribute to land pollution, agriculture and mining are perhaps the most prominent ones. while the later includes metals (trace and heavy metals), chemicals and radioactive wastes. Various Causes of Land Pollution 1. The primary cause of soil pollution is a lack of awareness in general people. It’s pure clay, heavily tilled, and when it rains, the water does not permeate the soil. Children can be exposed to the harmful effects of soil pollution in places such as playgrounds and parks, where soil contamination with lead has been proven to be the cause of neuromuscular and brain development problems. The increased demand for food has forced farmers to use fertilisers and pesticides that release nothing but toxins into the soil, killing useful microorganisms that are important in plant growth. Causes of soil pollution. In the areas where farming is allowed, I see a land decimated by both war and conventional agriculture. It is used in chemical synthesis of substances and interferes with cellular function. Governments should also take punitive action against those who cut down trees without a care in the world. Soil contamination refers to the destruction of land that could be used constructively by human activities, either directly or indirectly. The grain grown in these soils is often polluted with heavy metals. Some of it is white phosphorus, but you also have lead, mercury, and a host of other contaminants. Countless deaths have been caused by human beings ingesting foods that are grown in toxic soils. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. Thus, due to many different human activities such as overuse of pesticides the soil will lose its fertility. Causes of soil pollution: Soil pollution is termed as the contamination of soil of a particular part. With the amount of waste human continue to produce, with the addition of many other factors, soil pollution is a serious and growing problem. Another adverse effect of land pollution is the contamination of soil. Often it is achieved at the cost of the health of the soil. 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