Paddocks with fences not up to standard must not be used until the fences have been repaired or upgraded. The deer are a pest animal that has a negative impact on the biodiversity of New Zealand. The farming of deer started in New Zealand, and this country remains the world's largest and most advanced deer farming industry. By Gerhard Uys. provide advice on specifications for constructing deer fences, inspect new fences within 15 working days of notice of completion (initial inspections are free), inspect deer farms every two to five years, giving seven days advance notice of the intended inspection. Map showing where deer farming is prohibited in the Auckland region - view a larger version (JPG, 606K). Construction: Timber: rail dimensions a minimum of 100mm x 25mm. One talking point at the event was the latest agricultural data from Statistics New Zealand, which showed a one percent lift in the national deer herd last year - bringing the total flock to just under 836,000. Contact us to discover more … Our goal is to reduce the impacts of deer, along with other threats, on public conservation lands to maintain and enhance forest regeneration and indigenous ecosystem protection (DOC Policy Statement on Deer Control, PDF, 706K). Deer are not native to New Zealand. Gerhard Uys spoke to Bill Robinson of Raroa Red Deer Stud. Flood gates must be designed to prevent the escape of deer. Red deer now live in many forests, and there are also fallow deer, wapiti (elk), sambar, sika, rusa and white-tailed deer. Stags (male deer) grow antlers every year. Deer are easily frightened, so their yards are specially designed to help keep them calm. Notifications will be processed within ten working days, provided the land on which deer are to be farmed does not include any land capability Class VII or VIII land and is not in an area where deer farming or certain species of deer are prohibited. Pastoral farming involves the raising of sheep, cattle, and more recently other animals such as deer and goats. 'MZ' bolts must be used. Most deer are farmed in the more mountainous regions of Canterbury, Otago and Southland. One hinge must be reversed, or otherwise constructed so that gates cannot be lifted off (includes pinning). Deer Farming Notice No. A person constructing or repairing a deer fence must comply with the following specifications. The first deer were brought to the country from England and Scotland for sport in the mid to late 19th century, and released mainly in the Southern Alps and surrounding foothills. Two welded gate lugs of 20mm x 25mm. Perimeter fence gates: Hard-fill or concrete is required under gates or fences which run over culverts. DOC is responsible for regulating deer farming under the Wild Animal Control Act 1977. Deer mate in autumn, and their fawns are born in early summer. Farming Deer in Auckland Region on Yellow®. Deer mate in autumn, and their fawns … Red deer hinds and fawns. Any suspect disease in farmed deer should be reported to the nearest Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) office. Welcome to the deer farming website where the focus is on delivering the latest deer research and farm system information for farmers and others involved in the industry, supported by Deer Industry New Zealand, AgResearch and the Sustainable Farming Fund. The NZ Deer Industry. There must be an overlap of 300mm (minimum) between the wire fence and the top-up netting. The rest are either the much larger wapiti (also known in New Zealand as ‘elk’) or red x wapiti crosses or the much smaller, more flighty fallow deer. Expert Guidance on Seeds, Crops and Soils. They leapt from helicopters and grabbed the animals, tranquillised them with dart guns, or used a net gun, which fired a nylon net over the deer. Diagram showing fencing requirements for deer farms in regulated areas | View a larger version (JPG, 489K), Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/pests-and-threats/animal-pests/deer/deer-farming-requirements-in-the-auckland-region/. Pigs and goat farming is also practiced but in smaller quantities. Each existing post requires the addition of one full-length batten, quarter-round or equivalent to support the top-up netting. Ken Drew, 'Deer and deer farming', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/deer-and-deer-farming (accessed 13 December 2020). The minimum height above ground, minimum number of line wires, maximum space between line wires, maximum space between vertical wires must be the same as specified for a netting fence. On your small farm, you should probably choose red deer because wapiti types … The first farms. Farming Deer in Auckland Region on Yellow®. They must be securely joined (clipped or tied) at a maximum interval of 1m. For fallow the line wire must be attached to, or close to, the bottom wire of the netting with a maximum spacing between wires of 50mm. Farmers may not keep deer on their property until DOC sends an acknowledgement of notification. Deer Farming: A Big Export Business In New Zealand Farmer's Weekly | May 10, 2019. There are around 3,000 deer farms in New Zealand spread from the top tip of the North Island to the southern plains of the South Island. They do not occur in Africa south of the Sahara. The beginnings of deer farming. All wires must be fastened on to the inside of posts. From the 1920s, the government employed cullers to shoot deer. Gate, hinges and locks: Minimum height of gate frame 1.9m. This slim volume contains much information on deer in New Zealand, an interesting description of the development of the industry to its present very real importance and prosperity and glimpses of many of the personalities involved. Farming, Cover Crops, Production Crops, Grain Trading. In the 1970s and 80s there was a huge industry carrying out live deer recovery from forested areas of New Zealand. The normal dentition of all deer is either 32 or 34 teeth. Covering: Gate must be covered with chain-link netting with a maximum aperture of 75mm and wire gauge of 3.15mm at least; must be laced with galvanised lacing wire 2mm at least. The New Zealand Deer Industry says a downturn in venison prices is being countered by strong growth in the use of deer velvet in health food products in Asia. Deer farming began in the late 1960s. Gate locks: Self-locking devices are recommended. Deer are the first new animals to be domesticated for over 5000 years. Today there are more than 1.7 million deer on New Zealand farms. We’ve added new drapers to our lineup, to help you reduce loss, consistently maintain desired cut height and put more grain in your tank. Deer are not native to New Zealand. Servicing all of New Zealand. Find out what you need to do if you want to establish or extend a deer farm or change the species of deer being farmed. © Crown Copyright. 5, 2008, which is under the Wild Animal Control Act 1977 (see diagram of the minimum fencing standards for specific deer species). Netting must be strained to comply with manufacturer tensile guidelines. New Zealand is known worldwide for canned corned beef. In recent years, deer milk and skincare products have also been developed. Loading facilities must be contained within the perimeter fence. DOC staff from the Warkworth Area Office will: Where deer escape from enclosures or during transport they must be recaptured or, if this is not possible, destroyed. The maximum distance allowed between two strained posts on flat terrain is 400m. Hunted first by government cullers, and later from helicopters in remote areas, today deer have also become the basis of a thriving farming industry. Gates must be locked when not in use. The maximum distance between two strained posts on uneven terrain is 200m. An often-heard statistic is that there are 20 sheep for every person in New Zealand, and this was true in 1981 when there were 80 million sheep on the land. They live in fields with high fences, to stop them jumping over or pushing through. give written notice to farmers to fix fences where they fail to meet the standards. New owners should be advised that they need to notify DOC of their intention to farm deer. Posts, battens and strainers must be of one continuous length for the full height of the fence. Large-scale commercial farming of deer originated in New Zealand, and that country still has the world's most advanced deer farming industry. Three uprights (one centred) and two diagonal stays on each side of the gate. 3, available from the Warkworth Area Office, shows areas where deer farming is prohibited and different species of deer may be farmed. The deer-farm stock was bred from the recovered wild animals. Trophy hunting, deerskin and other products, Next: Page 1. Deer farmers must comply with the following conditions: Deer farmers who contravene the Wild Animal Control Act or regulations may be prosecuted and fined and have their authority to farm cancelled. Trusted local business listings and maps. The traditional dairying regions in New Zealand have been mainly in the western and northern North Island, and in Nelson and West Coast regions of the South Island. They live in fields with high fences, to stop them jumping over or pushing through. MPI staff will investigate and advise what action is needed. New Zealand venison from wild deer was first exported to Germany in the 1960s. The first deer were brought there from England and Scotland regulating deer farming in areas where it is permitted. Deer are farmed for venison, and for the velvet from their antlers. New Zealand is the largest exporter of farmed venison in the world. The requirements for species found in other countries of the Asia-Pacific region, such as Musk deer (Moschus sp. Today there are more than 1.7 million deer on New Zealand farms. Farmers must notify the Director General of Conservation (through DOC's Warkworth Area Office) if they intend to: A "Notification of Intention to Farm Deer" form is available from the Warkworth Area Office. A short clip about the beginning of a new industry in New Zealand, Deer that are properly identified remain the property of the owner except where the animal enters onto Crown land. Hung gates must butt against the full inside surface of the latching post, and open inwards where terrain permits. The minimum height above ground, minimum number of line wires, maximum space between line wires and maximum space between vertical battens must be the same as specified for a wire and batten fences. It is then frozen and exported to Asia, where it is used as a health product. Deer are easily frightened, so their yards are specially designed to help keep them calm. Deer farming on Class VII land or higher may still be approved – check with the Warkworth Area Office. Of these regions, Waikato has the largest number of cows. Deer mesh fences must have a single strained bottom wire. Hunters also went into remote areas to kill deer so they could sell the meat (venison). Venison (deer meat) is very healthy – low in fat, and high in protein and minerals. 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