permanent crops: Libya physical features. 0.7 0.7 km3 (0.17 cu mi) (2011), Natural hazards: Geography. The southwestern desert region, known as Fezzan, was administered separately during both the Italian regime and the federal period of the Libyan monarchy. Libya Map - Physical Map of Libya. Main physical landscape features. 7. The main objective of a physical map is to show landforms, bodies of water and other geographical features. Most famous geographical features there are the Tibseti Mountains, Jebel Akhdar, Waw an Namus, Haruj, and some Arkenu structures. Libya in Euromed. Consequently, an immense social gap developed between the cities, cosmopolitan and peopled largely by foreigners, and the desert hinterland, where tribal chieftains ruled in isolation and where social change was minimal. In Cyrenaica there are fewer coastal oases, and the Marj Plain – the lowland area corresponding to the Jifarah Plain of Tripolitania – covers a much smaller area. Typical colors are blues, greens and browns. Much of the country lies within the Sahara. In Chad there are many physical features, like the Sahara dessert. The highest point is the Bikku Bitti and the lowest is Sabkhat Ghuzayyil. Libya is within the Sahara, the world’s largest desert. About 95% of Libya, Africa's fourth largest country, consists of desert (the Sahara). The ancient walled city, or medina, lies along the harbor and is dominated by a 16th-century Spanish castle. Gulf of Sidra closing line – 32 degrees, 30 minutes north. From Jabal al Akhdar, Cyrenaica extends southward across a barren grazing belt that gives way to the Sahara Desert, which extends still farther southwest across the Chadian frontier. The Mediterranean coast and the Sahara Desert are Libya's most prominent natural features. The lowlands form a crescent about 210 km long between Benghazi and Derna and extend inland a maximum of 50 km. Fezzan has remained a kind of North African outback, its oases peopled largely by minority ethnic groups. Libya on a World Wall Map: Libya is one of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our Blue Ocean Laminated Map of the World. The Sahara Desert is one of the hottest places in the world and can reach up to 135 … note: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m In many wadis, however, the water table is declining at an alarming rate, particularly in areas of intensive agriculture and near urban centers. party to: North of the mountains of Jebel Uweina… ... Libya Under Qaddafi and the NFSL Challenge , 1992. A few is left by Italian and Ottoman colonialisms [1, 2, 3]. Along the shore of Tripolitania for more than 300 km, coastal oases alternate with sandy areas and lagoons. mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions, Elevation extremes: This country is enormous, f.e. In the desert interior, despite the relatively high elevation, the climate has long, extremely hot summers and high diurnal temperature ranges due to the permanence of cloudless skies and excessively dry atmosphere. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and Chad and Niger to the south. Elsewhere along the Cyrenaican coast, the precipice of an arid plateau reaches to the sea. This is a list of the extreme points of Libya, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. These physical features intertwine with Libya’s historical divisions. The Mediterranean coastline is the focus of most travellers' trips to Libya. You can now support this channel via Patreon, by accessing the link bellow. It is a relatively small African nation as it covers an area of just 63,170 square miles (163,610 sq km). There is no average rainfall — the land may go for decades with no rainand the highlands for five to ten years without it. Libya is a huge country and weather patterns vary by region. An even larger undertaking is the so-called Great Manmade River, initiated in 1984. Although the oil discoveries of the 1960s have brought immense wealth, at the time of its independence it was an extremely poor desert state whose only important physical asset appeared to be its strategic location at the midpoint of Africa's northern rim. Water: They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. It has also undertaken extensive reforestation projects. Figure 1 Alsarai Building Museum Figures 2, 3 Part of the old town of Tripoli Many of the buildings located within the walls of the old city of Tripoli are in a bad In the West one seldom needs to travel more than 100 kilometres between areas with water and vegetation, and the whole area is well criss-crossed by desert tracks. It is bordered by Algeria on the west and Libya on the south east. Human & Physical Features T he number of doctors per 100,000 people is 129 (1997) in Libya. The most dominant physical features in Libya are the Sahara desert and the  Mediterranean coast. For more than four years, international conflict resolution efforts have centred on the UN-sponsored Libya Political Agreement (LPA) process, 1 unfortunately without achieving any breakthrough. Photo about A diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea showing physical features, cities, roads, etc.. The Sahara is diagonally split into a western and an eastern half by a series of highlands. The area of the Mediterranean Sea north of Libya is frequently called the Libyan Sea. you're it. In fact, the situation has even deteriorated since the onset of Marshal Haftar’s attack on Tripoli on 4 April 2019. Who else wants to play hide and seek in that abandoned town of Ghadames? Its six land bordering countries are Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Niger, Sudan, and Tunisia. Libya is fourth in size among the countries of Africa and seventeenth among the countries of the world. Total: Unlike Cyrenaica, Tripolitania does not extend southward into the desert. The dessert goes through 10 countries (Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, and Chad) the Sahara is in the north part of the country; surprisingly the Sahara in Chad is not that dessert. The residual strain of the indigenous Berber inhabitants, however, still remains in Tripolitania. The separateness of the regions is much more than simply geographical and political, for they have evolved largely as different socioeconomic entities – each with a culture, social structure, and values different from the others. mi.) i think that Cyrenaico is Libya's largest regions. In the late 1970s, wells were drilled at Kufra and at Sabha as part of a major agricultural development effort. The large dune seas known as ergs of the Idehan Ubari and the Idehan Murzuq cover much of the land of Fezzan. Libya on a World Wall Map: Libya is one of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our Blue Ocean Laminated Map of the World. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. Tripoli is the centre of the most densely populated region of Libya. Fig. Geography and Climate of Tunisia . 6. The allocation of limited water is considered of sufficient importance to warrant the existence of the Secretariat of Dams and Water Resources, and damaging a source of water can be punished by a heavy fine or imprisonment. The total area in Libya is 679,362 sq.mi. Image of fish, design, continent - 144844911 9. Area: The best known of these lies beneath Kufra Oasis in southeastern Cyrenaica. Still farther south a pastoral zone of sparse grassland gives way to the vast Sahara Desert, a barren wasteland of rocky plateaus and sand. A review by leading aid agencies of Ebola operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo was not widely circulated to organisations involved in the response until several months after the epidemic was declared over, despite containing details of mismanagement, sexual abuse and exploitation, and coordination problems during the deadly outbreak. A relatively narrow coastal strip and highland steppes immediately south of it are the most productive agricultural regions. Much of the central and eastern area of the country is covered by the Libyan Desert. Libya is the fourth largest country the Maghreb region of North Africa and Egypt to the east of it along with Algeria to the west. Learn about all the amazing animals in Libya. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. It supports minimal human habitation, and agriculture is possible only in a few scattered oases. Location and Geography. Description: The Physical Map of Libya showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Libya sought to overthrow the government of Chad in the early 1980's. distance from Tripoli to the southernmost point of Libya exceeds the distance between Tripoli and Vienna. mi.) 1. Pop. ... Bedouin camps consist of closely-related kin, and the physical distance between family groups in the same tribal section reinforces privacy. Bare rock and sand make up almost all of the country’s land. Physical geography. 0.19% highest point: The Sahara, which occupies most of the country, is the dominant geographical feature. All other areas of the country receive less than 400 mm (15.7 in), and in the Sahara Desert 50 mm (1.97 in) or less occurs. The Sahara has a number of distinct physical features, including ergs, regs, hamadas, and oases. Libya, for the most part, is covered with desert. In most of the coastal lowland, the climate is Mediterranean, with hot or very hot summers and extremely mild winters. miles. in the two northern regions of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, but falls to less than one person per km² (2.7/sq. The weather is cooler in the highlands, and frosts occur at maximum elevations. About 120 km inland the plain terminates in an escarpment that rises to form the Nafusa Mountains, with elevations of up to 1,000 metres, which is the northern edge of the Tripolitanian Plateau.[1]. Cyrenaica comprises 51%, Fezzan 33%, and Tripolitania 16% of the country's area. There, summers are hot and dry and winters are mild, although the evenings can be worthy of scarves and hats.You'll find similar, though slightly warmer conditions to those on the other side of the ocean, such as southern Italy and Greece. Please enter a valid email address. Discover Libyan animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! Daria Morano Libya: Climate and Geography Libya is a country in the northern part of Africa that stretches 1,760,000 square kilometers along the Mediterranean coast. other: The Sahara is the largest dessert in the world; it is a whopping 3,500,000 sq. Ergs, which cover 20 percent of the Sahara, are sand dunes that stretch for hundreds of kilometers at heights of more than 300 meters (1,000 feet). 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi) Rocks in the Sahara desert, Libya. The highest point of the country is Bikku Bitti at 2,267 m … Topographic map of Tunisia. 8. The wadis are heavily settled because soil in their bottoms is often suitable for agriculture, and the high water table in their vicinity makes them logical locations for digging wells. Tag! It is a limestone plateau with maximum altitudes of about 900 metres. The state’s capital, as well as the largest city, is Tripoli. Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands This giant land has lots of secrets – landmarks created by long lost cultures. Physical water scarcity is lack of water, it is caused by pollution of water overseas water, climate change and government desision making. Sabratha city is located to the north of Libya and is one of the three cities in Tripolis. There are several highlands, but the land itself is not mountainous.. Libya lay within easy reach of the major European nations and linked the Arab countries of North Africa with those of the Middle East, facts that throughout history had made its urban centres bustling crossroads rather than isolated backwaters without external social influences. Features shown include mountains, deserts and lowlands as well as lakes, rivers and oceans. Libya: Civilians face deep suffering from long conflict, as fighting forces schools and health facilities to close By entering this website, you consent to the use of technologies, such as cookies and analytics, to customise content, advertising and provide social media features. Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, seven times the size of the United Kingdom, and slightly larger than Alaska. Population density is about 50 persons per km² (130/sq. desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities, Environment - international agreements: arable land: Libya’s 1,770 kilometers (1099 miles) of Mediterranean Sea coast is the longestof any North African country. The most dominant physical features in Libya are the Sahara desert and the Mediterranean coast. A more unrelenting consequence of Libya’s dysfunctional politics is its monetary crisis. There are several highlands but no true mountain ranges except in the largely empty southern desert near the Chadian border, where the Tibesti Massif rises to over 2,200 metres. Rainfall is often erratic, and a pronounced drought may extend over two seasons. Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, (1987), Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Libya&oldid=956561200, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is surrounded by six countries namely Tunisia, Algeria, Sudan, Chad, Egypt, and Niger. The foreign oil companies and suppliers will not do business with Libya unless there is sufficient financial and physical security for their operations. Libya: Climate and Geography. Program/Project Management Job in Libya about Health, Mine Action and Protection and Human Rights, requiring 3-4 years of experience, from HI; closing on 26 Nov 2020 In contrast, Fezzan's borders with Algeria, Niger, and Chad are seldom crossed because of the almost total emptiness of the desert countryside. Thank you! Sabratha city is about 65 km from the Mediterranean coast and serve as the capital for Sabratha Wa Surman region. Western Libya features the rocky Red Plateau, the Acacus range and the sand seas of Ubari and Murzuk. , in the U.S. the total area is 3,794,083 sq.mi. Key Takeaways Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Before Libya achieved independence, its name was seldom used other than as a somewhat imprecise geographical expression. Libya is made up of Tripolitania in the northwest, Pyrenaica in the east, and the Fezzan in the southwest. Tunisia is located between Algeria and Libya and has a varied topography. Rainfall is scant. Libya stretches along the northeast coast of Africa between Tunisia and Algeria on the west and Egypt on the east; to the south are the Sudan, Chad, and Niger. With an area of 1,760,000 square kilometers and a Mediterranean coastline of nearly 1,800 kilometers, Libya is fourth in size among the countries of Africa and fifteenth among the countries of the world. This map shows a combination of political and physical features. Most of the people and farms are in the northwest, near the coast. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. maps.unomaha.edu/Peterson/geog1000/Notes/Notes_Exam2/NA.html Tripoli is its capital and largest city. There are no natural rivers but Libya is known for its beautiful beaches that grab our attention. It is one-sixth larger than Alaska. The government has expressed concern over this problem and because of it has diverted water development projects, particularly around Tripoli, to localities where the demand on underground water resources is less intense. The border between Tripolitania and Tunisia is subject to countless crossings by legal and illegal migrants. 1 759 540 km² Mountains rise in the northeast. The map of Libya demonstrates the defining feature of the country: the long, open coastline with no natural geographical barriers on land except for the Sahara Desert. There are three mountainous regions: the low Jebel Nefusarange in the north west, the Jebel Akhdar(the Green Mountains) in the north east behind Benghazi and the Tibesti Mountains, the highest of the three on the southern border with Chad, where the highest point of the country is also located (Bikku Bitti at 2266 … miles. There are also numerous springs, those best suited for future development occurring along the scarp faces of the Jabal Nafusah and the Jabal al Akhdar. Less than 2% of the national territory receives enough rainfall for settled agriculture, the heaviest precipitation occurring in the Jabal al Akhdar zone of Cyrenaica, where annual rainfall of 400 to 600 mm (15.7 to 23.6 in) is recorded. It is intended to tap the tremendous aquifers of the Kufra, Sarir, and Sabha oases and to carry the resulting water to the Mediterranean coast for use in irrigation and industrial projects. 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